APPLAUSE VOICEOVER: University Challenge. Asking the questions –
Jeremy Paxman. Hello. The student mind is
under scrutiny again tonight with a place in the second round
for whichever team can tell us more about more or less anything. Tonight’s losers will earn
a chance to play again if they can place themselves among
the four highest-scoring losing totals
from these first round matches. Now, Emmanuel College, Cambridge,
was founded in the late 16th century to educate Protestant preachers, and over about 40 years, it grew to become the largest
college in the University. It remains one of the largest today, and alumni include
the film-maker Karel Reisz, the broadcasters Stephen Sackur
and Griff Rhys Jones, and the writers Sebastian Faulks
and Michael Frayn. With an average age of 20, playing on behalf
of around 630 students in a college which won
this series in 2010, let’s meet the Emmanuel team. Hi, I’m Connor MacDonald. I’m from Fredericton,
New Brunswick, Canada, and I study politics
and international relations. Hi, I’m Vedanth Nair, I’m from King’s Lynn in Norfolk,
and I study economics. And their captain… Hi, I’m Daniella Cugini, I’m from Warwick,
and I’m studying English. Hi, I’m Ben Harris. I’m from Bath,
and I study geology. APPLAUSE Glasgow University is
Scotland’s second oldest, established by a papal bull
of 1451 at the behest of James II. Alumni include
the economist Adam Smith, the inventor of television,
John Logie Baird, and, more recently,
the actor Gerard Butler, the comedian Susan Calman, and the politicians Ming Campbell,
Vince Cable and Nicola Sturgeon. Representing around 27,000 students, and with an average age of 22,
let’s meet the Glasgow team. Hi, I’m Lewis Barn, I’m from the town of Airdrie
in North Lanarkshire, and I’m studying for a Diploma
in Professional Legal Practice. Hi, I’m Freya Whiteford, I am from Bonnybridge, near Falkirk, and I am studying physics
with astrophysics. This is their captain. Hello, my name is James Hampson, I am from Helsby in Cheshire,
and I study medicine. Hi, my name’s Cameron Herbert. I’m from Burley in Wharfedale
in West Yorkshire, and I study sociology
with quantitative methods. APPLAUSE The usual rules –
10 points for starter questions, they’ve got to be answered
individually, bonus questions are team efforts
and they can be worth 15 points. Right, 10 points at stake for this. Fingers on the buzzers, please. What five-letter word links an
1867 symphonic poem by Mussorgsky, a 1936 documentary film
with words by WH Auden, a large group portrait
by Rembrandt and the play by…? Night. Night is correct. APPLAUSE This set of bonuses are
on an island, Glasgow. Around 60km
from the European mainland, which island did the Royal Navy
seize from Denmark in 1807? It remained under British rule
until 1890 when it was transferred
to the German Empire. Gotland? Gotland. No, it’s Heligoland. “Britain has got a new suit in
exchange for an old trouser button.” These words of the explorer
Henry Morton Stanley refer to the exchange of Heligoland
for which German possession united with Tanzania in 1964? It’s not Zanzibar, is it? That’s… Zanzibar’s an island.
Is it Zanzibar? So, Zanzibar?
Zanzibar is correct. Born in Bavaria in 1901, which physicist made a breakthrough
in the formulation of quantum theory during a visit to Heligoland
in 1925? A plaque on a stone monument
on the island now marks the event. It’s either Heisenberg or…
Heisenberg or Bohr maybe. No, maybe not Bohr.
No, Bohr’s Danish. I’d go with Heisenberg.
Heisenberg? It was Werner Heisenberg. APPLAUSE
10 points for this. From the Greek word for change, what noun means
the sum of the chemical reactions that occur within a living organism
to maintain life? Metabolism. Metabolism is correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on Renaissance
court painters, Emmanuel. Born 1532, the portraitist
Sofonisba Anguissola spent most of her career at
the court of which king of Spain? Her portrait of him hangs
in the Prado with her paintings of his wives, Elizabeth of Valois
and Anna of Austria. Well, if it’s 1532, maybe Ferdinand, Ferdinand and Isabella, Spain. Which regnal number? No, I think it’s… Try… Charles V. Charles V. Charles V. No, it’s Philip II. After a successful career
in Bologna, Lavinia Fontana served
as a painter to the papal office between 1604 and 1614. She worked chiefly
in which artistic style characterised by stylised
and elongated figures in highly artificial poses? Baroque. Baroque. No, it’s Mannerism. And, finally, in 1543, the Flemish miniaturist
Levina Teerlinc was invited to the court of which monarch following the death of the previous
court painter, Hans Holbein the Younger?
Henry VIII. Henry VIII. Correct. 10 points for this.
Born in London in 1899, which film-maker directed
works adapted from… Alfred Hitchcock. Correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on the
Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Glasgow. To date, the youngest Nobel laureate
in Chemistry is Frederic Joliot, who, at the age of 35, shared
the prize with his wife Irene. Who was his mother-in-law? Any ideas? That is quite a question. It will be somebody famous,
obviously. Marie Curie. Correct. In 1964, who became the third woman
to receive the Chemistry prize? She used X-ray techniques to determine the structure
of important biological substances. Dorothy Hodgkin. Correct. Which British chemist is
the only person to date to have been awarded
two Nobel Prizes in Chemistry? He received the awards in 1958
and 1980. I’ve got an idea. I’m afraid
I don’t know. I don’t know. Pass. It’s Frederick Sanger. We’re going to take a picture round. For your picture starter, you’ll see
an island shown in isolation. For 10 points, give me
this island’s two-word name. New Guinea. New Guinea is correct. APPLAUSE Your picture bonuses are
three more international islands – that is islands
whose territory is divided between two or more
sovereign nations. This time, the national borders will
be marked as an additional clue. In each case, what I need is
the name specifically of the island. Firstly… Timor. Correct. Secondly… Is that… Saint Martin? Sorry? Is at Saint Martin? It’s about the right size. Saint Martin’s.
Saint Martin is correct, yes. And finally… Borneo. That’s Borneo. Borneo. Borneo is right. APPLAUSE
Right, 10 points for this. He dismantled the classy iconography
of cowboys and homesteaders, of American dreams
and white picket fences. Those words refer to which actor
and playwright who died in 2017? His best-known plays… . Sam Shepard. Sam Shepard is correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on
the Hindu goddess Durga. Durga is usually depicted
riding a tiger or which other carnivore
of an Asiatic population that can be found in Gir
in the Indian state of Gujarat? Carnivore? Leopard? Leopard, yeah. Leopard is
a good shout. Leopard? No, it’s a lion, an Indian lion. According to legend,
Durga was created by gods, including Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva,
to destroy the demon Mahishasura. The demon took the form of which
large bovid, known binomially as Bubalus bubalis? What’s bovid? Bovid, so bovine, cow-related. Um, bull maybe? Bull? No, it’s a buffalo. Durga’s victory over this demon is
celebrated in a festival called Durga Puja. In Kolkata, the festival
culminates in idols of Durga being immersed in which river? Oh, Kolkata’s on the… It’s not the Irrawaddy.
No. Is it on the Ganges? Ganges. Ganges maybe. Ganges. Ganges is correct.
APPLAUSE 10 points for this.
Listen carefully. In a mathematical magic square in which the three numbers
in each row horizontally, diagonally
and vertically add up to the same number, what is the number in the centre
of the square if the other numbers
clockwise from top left are two, seven, six, one,
eight, three, four and nine? Five. Five is correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on animals
whose common names combine two other animal names. For example, raccoon dog. Give the name from the description
in each case, please. Firstly, numerous families
of the order Siluriformes distinguished
by their protruding barbs. A widespread European species is
often known by the German name wels. Porcupine? Ah, but it’s got to be two,
two names. Let’s see. We don’t know, do we?
Mole rat, I don’t know. OK, mole rat. No, they are catfish. Rhincodon typus,
the largest living fish, it feeds chiefly on plankton. Is that a sunfish? Two animals. Dogfish? Whale… Dogfish works.
Dogfish? Dogfish. No, it’s a whale shark. New world primates
of the genus Ateles, named in reference
to their own usually long limbs and prehensile tails. That’s spider monkeys. Correct. APPLAUSE
10 points for this. Active in the fifth century BC, Myron is noted for a sculpture of a man engaged in
what event of the ancient… Discus throwing. Correct. APPLAUSE Well done, you’ve taken the lead. Your bonuses this time are on
photographic self-portraits. Which British artist’s photographic
self-portraits include the nude The Last Thing I Said
To You Is Don’t Leave Me Here, and I’ve Got It All, in which
she depicts herself cradling money? Self. Maybe Tracey Emin. No, she’s not a photographer,
is she? But, like, artist. Try it. Tracey Emin. Correct. Oh! Which US photographer’s works
include Untitled Film Stills, a series of self portraits in which she posed
as various female stereotypes from the cinema
of the 1950s and ’60s? Did he say film-maker or artist? Photographic artist. Warhol did a lot of photography.
It said she. Oh, OK. Eve Arnold. Eve Arnold. No, it’s Cindy Sherman. Which US artist’s late works
include a series of self-portraits in drag made in the early 1980s in collaboration with
the photographer Christopher Makos? That could be Warhol. Warhol? Correct.
APPLAUSE 10 points for this. Popularised by a television series
in the 1970s, what six-letter term designates artificial electromechanical
body parts? In the plural, it denotes the study
of mechanical systems… Bionic. Bionics is correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses this time, Glasgow,
are on the solar system. In 2016, data from
the Messenger mission showed that the surface of Mercury is dusted
with which allotrope of carbon? Allotrope of carbon, uh… Diamonds or… Diamond, charcoal… Oh, that would make sense, actually.
Diamond? Yes. Cos it… Diamonds. No, it’s graphite. Ah. What element forms the plastic ice
of Sputnik Planitia, a slowly convecting plain on Pluto? I don’t understand the question. What’s plastic ice? Plastic ice, I don’t know,
some form of… OK, um… Ammonia. No, it’s nitrogen. Finally, the clouds seen
on Saturn’s moon Titan are mainly composed of droplets
or crystals of ethane and what other simpler hydrocarbon? I’m sure that’s methane.
Yes, it is methane. Methane. Methane is correct. APPLAUSE
10 points for this. What term for a unit
of digital information appears within the name of the form
of church government prominent in England during
the Civil War and Commonwealth, and used by the present-day
Church of Scotland? Bit. Anyone like to buzz in
from Emmanuel? Byte. Byte is correct. B-Y-T-E,
coming from Presbyterian, of course. So you get a set of bonuses
on political parties in Germany, Emmanuel. In 2000, Angela Merkel became
the first female leader of the CDU. For what do those three
letters stand? You can answer in English
or in German. BOTH: Christian Democratic Union?
Yes. Christian Democratic Union. Correct. What is the English translation
of Die Linke? The party has its origins
in the Socialist Unity Party that ruled the former East Germany. The left. Correct. And, finally, another political
party is known by the names of both the former parties
whose merger in 1993 created it. One is it Alliance 90,
the other is what short name by which the party is
more commonly known? The Greens. The Greens. The Greens – Die Grunen, yes. Right, we’re going to take
a music round now. For your music starter, you’ll hear
a piece of popular music. For 10 points, I want
the name of the band performing. # Denis, Denis… # It’s Blondie. It is Blondie, yes. APPLAUSE As you obviously know, Debbie Harry
sings the middle verses in French. And for your music bonuses, you’re going to hear three more
songs by Anglophone acts that include refrains or interludes
in other languages. Name the band or the artist
in each case. Firstly, this solo artist. # Soy un perdedor # I’m a loser, baby… #
It’s Beck. It is Beck, yes. Secondly, this band… INDIE ROCK MUSIC PLAYS # Ich heisse Superfantastisch… # It is Franz Ferdinand. It is Franz Ferdinand.
And finally, this band. # All those dirty words # Jusqu’a la fin
Oh, is this… # They make us look so dumb… #
Is it Blur? Yeah. Is it? Is it Blur? I think so. Blur. It is Blur, yes. Well done.
APPLAUSE Right, 10 points for this. The insect order Dermaptera
comprises about 1,800 species known by what common name
deriving from the belief that they could enter
a sleeping human head through one of its orifices? Earwig. Earwig is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on optimism,
Emmanuel. In the 1710 work Theodicy, which German philosopher
expanded the idea that we live in the best
of all possible worlds that God could have created? It’s not Leibniz, is it? Leibniz? It could be, yeah. Leibniz. Correct. Which German philosopher said
that Leibniz was “a miserable little candlelight,” and in a work of 1819,
described optimism as “a bitter mockery of the unspeakable
suffering of humanity?” It could be Schopenhauer or… Schopenhauer was a bit miserable.
Hegel was a bit miserable. LAUGHTER Schopenhauer was very miserable.
Schopenhauer. Correct. Well done. Very miserable man indeed.
LAUGHTER And, finally, one of the best-known
works of French literature, which novel of 1759 is
a satirical rejection of Leibniz’s optimistic view? That’s Voltaire’s Candide.
Candide. Candide Candide.
Candide by Voltaire, yes. APPLAUSE
Right, 10 points for this. To which office of state
was John Aislabie appointed in March, 1718? Nearly three years later, he was
found guilty of infamous corruption in promoting and profiting
from the South Sea Bubble. Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on physics,
Glasgow. In classical mechanics, what may be
calculated by the formula ½MV squared, where M is mass
and V is velocity? I need a two-word term.
Kinetic energy. Correct. What quantity corresponds to mass when calculating the kinetic energy
of a rotating body? Its symbol is
an upper case letter I. That’s inertia.
I need a three-word term. Moment of inertia.
Moment of inertia. Correct. What is the standard unit
of kinetic energy in the SI system? It is named after
a Lancashire-born physicist. Kinetic energy… Lancashire-born. Lancashire-born physicist?
Would that be Joule? I don’t know. Is it a dalton? I’ve not heard
of dalton. I normally use joules. If she thought it was joules,
I would go for that. OK, a joule. Joule is correct, yes. 10 points for this.
APPLAUSE Sections of which major
mountain system include the White Mountains,
the Green Mountains, and Berkshire Hills,
in addition to the Shenandoah and Great Smoky Mountains
national parks? Um, Allegheny. You lose five points.
Glasgow, one of you may buzz. The Rocky Mountains. No, it’s the Appalachians.
10 points for this. Established by George III in 1768, which institution’s 34 founder
members included two women, Mary Moser and Angelica Kauffman? The Royal Society. Anyone like to buzz from Glasgow? The Royal Institution. No, it’s the Royal Academy of Arts. 10 points for this. A letter of the Swedish alphabet
is the official symbol of which unit used to measure
wavelengths of…. Angstrom. Angstrom is correct, yes. APPLAUSE So you take the lead. They are on national trails
in England and Wales, these bonuses. Chequers, the Prime Minister’s
country residence is visible from which national trail
named after a prehistoric route? Is that the Jurassic…
It is in Buckinghamshire. Oh, never mind. That’s round
your way. No, it’s near… Uh… The Cotswolds Trail. No, it’s the Ridgeway. Which national trial runs
past Chirk Castle, a marcher fortress that begun
during the reign of Edward I? Any idea at all? I have no idea. Pennine Way?
I was going to say Pennine Way. Pennine Way? No, it is Offa’s Dyke Path. The Norfolk Coast Path passes
close to which Palladian mansion built for Thomas Coke,
the 1st Earl of Leicester, in the 18th century? This is not my strong point. Oh, God. OK, Donnie Palace, Donnie House? How about Baddington or Burley
or something like that? Burley House. Burley House. No, it is Holkham Hall. We’re going to take another
picture around now. For your picture starter,
you’re going to see a still
from a television show. For 10 points, I want you
to identify the character shown, and I need both his first name
and surname. It’s Alan Partridge. It is Alan Partridge, yes. APPLAUSE The character of Alan Partridge was
co-created by the comedy writer and producer Armando Iannucci,
your picture bonuses are stills from three more television series
created or co-created by him. This time I want the title
of each series. Firstly… Is that Veep? This is from Veep. That is Veep, yes. Secondly… That is The Day Today. It is.
And finally this television series. Thick Of It. Yes, The Thick Of It. That is The Thick Of It. It is. APPLAUSE
Right, 10 points for this. The piers at Aberystwyth
and Brighton are sites where which common British bird
may be seen during the autumn? Starlings. Starling is correct, yes. APPLAUSE Your bonuses are on English words
of Arabic origin. In each case, identify the word
from the description. Derived ultimately
from the Arabic for zero, a six-letter word meaning
a code or monogram. Cipher? Cipher. Cipher is correct. From the Arabic for storehouse,
an eight-little word meaning a periodical
or receptacle for gun cartridges or a store for military arms. Magazine. Correct. After a major city
of present-day Iraq, a six-letter word for a fine,
lightweight, cotton cloth. Silk. That’s like…kef… Baghdad kefir. Kefir…
Something that, yes. How many letters was it? OK, kefir. No, it is muslin from Mosul.
10 points for this. Give two answers promptly
naming the countries on either side of the Red Sea that
are crossed by the Tropic of Cancer. Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on the monarchy,
Emmanuel. After a period of civil war, the Treaty of Wallingford agreed
that which royal figure should accede to the throne after
the death of the incumbent? Oh, um… It could be Charles… After a long period of civil war. Would it be…
Who came after Charles II? James II? Yeah. James II? No, it was Henry II. Which ruler’s path
to the throne was helped by the Declaration of Breda, which he issued while in exile? Breda, I have heard of that. Breda is around 1635 and Velazquez
did surrender around 1635 so it is around that exile.
Charles II, maybe? Charles II. Correct. Which short-lived figure was
proclaimed Queen partly because her predecessor wrote
My Devise For The Succession? Lady Jane Grey? Lady Jane Grey. Correct. 10 points for this. In marine biology, what is the
common name of the Scyphozoa? They are free-swimming… Plankton. No. You lose five points. ..free-swimming animals with
a gelatinous, umbrella-shaped bell and trailing tentacles. Jellyfish. Jellyfish is correct.
APPLAUSE These are a set of bonuses
on the Irish physician and naturalist Hans Sloane. In 1727, Sloane became president
of the Royal Society succeeding which physicist and mathematician? It could be Hook,
it could be Newton. Probably Newton. Newton. Correct. Following a voyage to the Caribbean,
Sloane is thought to have produced one of the first recipes
for which hot drink? Coffee? Huh? Hot chocolate. Hot chocolate.
Hot chocolate is from Aztec times. No, but for Europe. Hot chocolate?
Yes, drinking chocolate is right. Several thousand items
belonging to Sloane formed part of the original collection
of which cultural institution that opened in London in 1759? It could be the British Museum
or the Natural History Museum. The National History Museum?
Natural History Museum. No, it’s the British Museum. There are about four minutes to go.
10 points for this. Which British artist was the subject of a record-breaking
Tate retrospective in 2017, the most visited exhibition
for any living artist held at a Tate Gallery? Hirst. Anyone like to buzz from Glasgow? David Hockney.
David Hockney is correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses, Glasgow,
this time, are on winter. In each case, identify the poet
who wrote the following. From a work of 1922 –
“I read much of the night “and go south in the winter.” 1922, so it’s going to be
somebody reasonably modern. Second-generation Romantic. I was thinking Eliot, but… 1822, did he say? No, 1922. 1922. TS Eliot. It was TS Eliot, yes. From a work of 1819, “If winter
comes, can spring be far behind?” 1819, right? So, let’s say…
It sounds like someone… That was a couple of years
before Shelley died… Byron? Yeah. Byron. No, that was Shelley
from his Ode To The West Wind. And, finally, “How like a winter
hath my absence been from thee, “the pleasure of the fleeting year.” It sounds like something
John Donne would write. Yeah. Could be Shakespeare, too.
Uh… John Donne. No, that’s Shakespeare.
Oh, God. Sorry. Three minutes to go,
10 points for this. Found in almost all proteins,
2-Aminoacetic acid is commonly known by what shorter name
after its sweet taste? Glutamine. You lose five points. Aspartame. No, it’s glycine. 10 points for this. The directive alla tedesca
refers to the musical style of what people or nationality? Indonesia. No. Anyone like to buzz
from Emmanuel? The Basque. No, it’s German. 10 points for this. Which Victorian novel
takes its title from the five words that precede “ignoble strife” in Thomas Gray’s elegy,
Written In A Country Churchyard? Something Wicked This Way Comes. No. Far From The Madding Crowd. Correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on wars
fought by the British in Asia. In each case, identify
the nationality of the opposing army based on the location of
the battles. Firstly, Ghazni in 1839, Charasiab in 1879 and Maiwand in 1880. Afghanistan. Correct. Secondly, Madras in 1746… India. No. It was France. And finally, Arakan in 1942-43, and Kohima and Imphal in 1944. Japan. Japan is correct. APPLAUSE 10 points for this.
I need a six-letter term here. In anatomy, what is the opposite
of the adjective proximal? Distal. Distal is correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on the former England cricket captain
Michael Vaughan. Michael Vaughan made his
international test debut against South Africa in 1999 at the
Wanderers Stadium in which city? It’s not Australia or England so…
New Zealand? It’s a city, remember. It’s a city. It’s not going to be
Johannesburg or Cape Town. Come on, let’s have it, please. Durban. No, it’s Johannesburg. Vaughan’s highest test score
of 197 came in 2002 against which international team
at Nottingham? Sri Lanka? West Indies? Australia? India. It is. And finally, in 2005, Vaughan
became the first English captain to win an Ashes Series
since 1986-87. Who had captained England
in the earlier series? It’s Botham, I guess. He’s the obvious one, isn’t he?
Or Gooch. Shall we go Graham Gooch?
Graham Gooch. No, it was Mike Gatting.
10 points for this. In 1814, Jane Austen stated that she was becoming “very tired” of
Artaxerxes, a once-popular opera
by which English composer? GONG And at the gong, Emmanuel
College, Cambridge, have 175, but the University of Glasgow
have 200. APPLAUSE Well, bad luck, Emmanuel. You might come back as one of the
highest-scoring losing teams, who knows?
175 is a very good score anyway and it was a very nice,
keenly fought game. Thank you both very much indeed. Many congratulations to you,
Glasgow. We shall look forward to seeing you definitely in the next stage
of the competition. I hope you can join us next time
for another first-round match, but, until then, it’s goodbye
from Emmanuel College, Cambridge… ALL: Goodbye. ..it’s goodbye from
Glasgow University… ALL: Goodbye.
..and it’s goodbye from me. Goodbye. APPLAUSE