University Challenge – Christmas 2018 E02 Westminster v East Anglia

Christmas University Challenge. Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman. APPLAUSE Hello. The season of goodwill might
well want to look the other way for the next 30 minutes, as two more
teams of alumni try to beat each other to a winning score
in this competition. Last time, we saw
the University of Bristol beat Brasenose College, Oxford
in the first match in this seasonal series. But as only the four winning teams
with the highest scores will go through to the semifinals,
we will need to play a few more matches before we know who’s
coming out on top. Now, first tonight, the team from
the University of Westminster, which was formerly
the Polytechnic of Central London. They’re represented by
a leading documentary photographer who’s been exhibiting for
nearly 30 years, specialising in showing us
the changing face of football. Next, an academic whose interests
could be described as niche, even by the recondite standards
of this programme, and include post-war architecture
in children’s picture books, which he’ll be presenting
as an RIBA exhibition shortly. With them, a former producer on
The Mighty Boosh, who is now a prolific broadcaster and author. His works include Yes Man,
in which he challenged himself to answer yes rather than no
to any offers that came his way, which may explain his occupation in
the captain’s seat tonight. Finally, a scientist who’s presented at the Royal Institution
Christmas Lectures and appeared on
the BBC’s Horizon programme, discussing one of her main areas of
research, the science of laughter. Let’s meet the Westminster team. ‘m am Stuart Roy Clarke, and
earned a BA honours in film and photographic arts in 1984. And I’ve since gone on to create a body of work, photographs, film, books and exhibitions,
The Homes of Football. Hello, I’m Torsten Schmiedeknecht, I received a diploma in architecture
in 1992, and I’m now an academic at
the University of Liverpool. And here’s their captain. Hello, my name’s Danny Wallace, I graduated in 1999 from
the University of Westminster having done a degree
in media studies and advanced radio production, and I am a writer and presenter. Hi, my name’s Sophie Scott, and I graduated from the Polytechnic
of Central London in 1990 with a BSc in life sciences and am now a professor
of cognitive neuroscience at University College London. APPLAUSE Now, playing them, the team from
the University of East Anglia includes a writer and performer,
twice a BAFTA nominee. She’s won British Comedy Award,
an RTS gong and two awards from
the Writers’ Guild, alongside prolific appearances
on radio and television, stage and in the cinema. Next up, the author of
the children’s book Gaspard the Fox, his voice tells us the news on
The Today Programme and also gives us
the Shipping Forecast, enabling a fretful nation to get
to sleep in the soothing knowledge that someone, somewhere is colder
and wetter than we are. Their captain has been performing
since the 1980s, both in his own right
and as a compere, frequent guest and panellist on stage,
screen and radio. He co-authored Olivier-nominated
An Evening With Gary Lineker and gave us his thoughts on modern
living as one of the Grumpy Old Men. Their fourth player is
a long-serving presence on BBC One, Radio 4 and 5, the go-to guy for answers to such
perennial questions as, will I need my mackintosh tomorrow? Let’s meet the UAE team. Hello, I am Vicki Pepperdine, studied history of art
n the early ’80s, and I’m now a writer, producer, podcaster and actor. Hello, I’m Zeb Soanes, I graduated in 1997 with a degree
in English and American studies, and now I’m a broadcaster
and children’s author. And here’s their captain. I’m Arthur Smith, I graduated in 1977 in comparative literature and I THINK I’m a comedian. ‘m Darren Bett, graduated in 1989 with a degree
n environmental science and I’ve been presenting national
and international weather unscripted for over 20 years on the BBC. APPLAUSE OK, the rules are the same as ever. 10 points for starter questions,
15 for bonuses. So, fingers on the buzzers,
here’s your first starter for 10. What five-letter word may precede
line and list in one sense, wall in another, and peace, horn, popper and pooper
in another more seasonal sense? Party. Party is correct, yes. Your bonuses are on plays
performed in 2018. Each answer is a single-word title
of no more than five letters. Firstly, what colour is the title of
a play by John Logan? It was revived in 2018 at
London’s Wyndham’s Theatre, with Alfred Molina playing
the painter Mark Rothko. We’re thinking maybe Blue? Rothko? Blues and reds, he uses. He uses red… I don’t know.
Blue or Red. What do you think – Red or Blue? Not sure. Guess. OK. We’re going to guess with Blue. You guessed wrong. It’s Red. Ah!
LAUGHTER Performed at the Lyttelton Theatre,
which play by Polly Stenham is a modern adaptation of a play
by August Strindberg? Its title is the name of the
character played by Vanessa Kirby. Don’t know. Anything? We don’t know. We’ll pass. That’s Julie,
based on Strindberg’s Miss Julie. And finally, staged at
the Noel Coward Theatre, which play by James Graham
concerns a television programme broadcast in 2001? A TV show, broadcast in 2001? The play is about that,
less than five letters. Don’t know. No. Uh… Press. Press. No, it’s Quiz, based on
“Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?”. Right, 10 points for this. The production rights to which
edible paste were first granted
to the apothecaries of a Hanseatic city
in a guild decree of 1530? A traditional component
of Christmas cakes… Marzipan. Correct. APPLAUSE Your bonuses this time,
Westminster, are on laughter in the words of
the Oxford English dictionary. In each case,
give the word from the definition. All three answers contain
a double letter. Firstly, to laugh continuously in
a manner not uproarious but suggestive either of foolish
levity or uncontrollable amusement. Giggle? You think giggle? Giggling… Giggling?
Cos it’s got a double letter. Yeah, you happy with that? Giggle, or giggling. Correct. Giggle is right. To laugh, secondly,
loudly or boisterously, to laugh coarsely or harshly. Guffaw. Two Fs. Yeah, guffaw has got
two Fs. Is it harsh? Yeah. Guffaw. Correct. And finally, to laugh in
a suppressed or covert way, often as a result of nervousness
or in affectation or ridicule. Titter? Titter? Titter. Titter. Titter is correct. 10 points for this.
Listen carefully. An ice skater travels along
the circumference of a circle with radius 10 metres inside a square ice rink
whose sides are 20 metres long. What proportion of the area of
the ice rink lies inside the circle? I need the answer
as a fraction of pi. LAUGHTER A quarter. I wanted it as a fraction of pi.
25%. A fraction of pi. Oh, a fraction
of pi. A quarter… Pi over four, I meant. Correct, yes, well done! Yay! LAUGHTER AND APPLAUSE Your bonuses, East Anglia,
are on Italian food. In each case,
give the name from the description. All three answers
end in the same two letters. Firstly, a moist, open-textured
variety of bread made with olive oil. The word means slipper. Ciabatta. Yeah. Ciabatta. Correct. Secondly, a frozen pudding
less dense than sorbet and originating in Sicily. Its name is cognate with a word for a type of coarse-grained
igneous rock. THEY CONFER
No, it’s got to end in -ta. Yeah. Uh… End in -t… Panna cotta. Panna cotta. No, it’s granita. Oh… And finally, an appetiser of
toasted bread rubbed with olive oil and garlic
and often topped with tomatoes. I need you to spell your answer. Bruschetta. B-R-U-S-C-H-E-T-T-A. Correct. Well done. APPLAUSE We’re going to take a picture round
now. For your pictures starter, I want
you to name both the actor you see and the historical figure
she’s playing. t’s Miranda Richardson
playing Queen Elizabeth I. That is correct. In Blackadder. So, 2018 marks 35 years since
the first episode of Blackadder, and so, for your picture bonuses, you’re going to see three more
actors who appeared in the series. Again, in each case, I want both
the name of the actor and the name of the historical figure
they’re playing. Firstly, the person on the right here. Flashman? No, that was… He must be a famous… WWI, so… The Red Baron? The Red Baron. Erm, is it Adrian Edmondson
as The Red Baron? It is, correct, yes. Secondly… That’s Peter Cook as Richard III.
Richard III are we saying? Erm, it’s Peter Cook as Richard III. Correct. And finally… That’s Prince George. Hugh Laurie. Hugh Laurie, Prince George? Yes. Prince Regent. Prince Regent? Oh. Technical. Yeah. It’s Hugh Laurie
as George, Prince Regent. That’s correct. Yes. 10 points for this. In a work of 1908,
which fictional character was given a 20-year sentence for
stealing a motor car, reckless driving and gross
impertinence to the rural police? He escapes from prison
dressed as a washer woman. Toad. Mr Toad is correct, yes. You get a set of bonuses on
Christmas baubles. Lauscha is the town where glass
Christmas ornaments shaped like nuts and fruits
were first created. It’s about 40 kilometres south
of Weimar, in which German state? THEY CONFER What German states are there,
Rhineland…? The Saar, Saarland? That one you said. Rhineland. Yeah. What one? Rhineland.
Rhineland. No, it’s Thuringia. Secondly, the US market for
glass baubles took off in 1880 after they were sold in the shop
of which businessman, the originator of
the nickel and dime store? Is there another…
Is Macy’s a jewellers? We will go with that. Macy’s. No, it’s Frank Woolworth. Finally, the silvered appearance
of baubles was originally created using toxic compounds
of which two elements with the chemical symbols PB and HG? Lead. Lead and mercury.
Correct. 10 points for this. “I don’t know what art is, but
I do know what it isn’t “and it isn’t someone walking around
with a salmon over his shoulder “or embroidering the name of
everyone they have slept with “on the inside of a tent.” These are the words of
which art critic, born in Leicestershire in 1930…? Erm, Brian Sewell. Brian Sewell is right. Your bonuses this time are on
the three Magi and the countries they came from,
according to tradition. Name the modern-day
country in each case. Firstly, associated with Balthazar,
which African country is the location of the ancient
city of Aksum? The country became landlocked
following the secession of one of its provinces in 1993. Landlocked? Landlocked African nation? Chad. Yeah. Chad. No, it’s Ethiopia. The location of the Zagros
and Elburz mountains and the provinces
of Kerman and Esfahan, which country was ruled by
the Pahlavi dynasty from 1925 to 1979 and is traditionally
associated with Melchior? We are going to pass. That is Iran. Also known as Bharat, which federal
republic has its state emblem based on the sun and lion
column of Ashokan? It is believed to have been
the birthplace of the Magi Caspar. Kazakhstan? Kazakhstan. What do you think? Shall we try it? Yes. Kazakhstan. No, it’s India. 10 points for this starter
question. Which coastal town in Yorkshire is
the site of an abbey founded circa 657…? Whitby. Whitby is correct. Yes. APPLAUSE These bonuses, UEA,
are on scientific terms. In each case, name the term from
the description. All three answers begin
with the same four letters. Firstly, a hormone secreted by
the pineal gland. It has an important role in
the regulation of sleep cycles and so is used to treat
insomnia and jet lag. You don’t need to buzz. Melatonin. Correct. Secondly, an organic compound used
primarily for manufacturing synthetic resins,
these can be hardened by heating and moulded into utensils or used to
laminate wood, paper and textiles. Melamine? Melamine. Melamine. Melamine is correct, yes.
“Melameen”, yeah. We say it properly. I’m impressed. And finally, the historical term for
depression which now refers to extreme features of depression, including the failure to take
pleasure in activities. Melancholy. Melancholia is correct, yes. Right, we are going to take
a music round now. For your music starter you are going
to hear a piece of popular music. 10 points if you can name
the singer. # Once upon a… # Nina Simone. It is, yes –
Why (The King of Love is Dead). That song was written in response
to the assassination of Martin Luther King,
50 years ago this year. Your music bonuses are three more
songs inspired by King and again I want you to name
the singer or band each time. Firstly this singer, please. # Has anybody here seen
my old friend Martin? # Can you tell me
where’s he’s gone? # THEY CONFER # He freed a lot of people,
but it seems… # You think? We’re split.
We are split. What do we think? Gladys or Dusty? thought Gladys.
You are the captain, rule, come on! You are darned right I am
and I am saying Gladys Knight. Well, you are completely wrong,
it is Marvin Gaye. Was it? Wow! Secondly, this band. # Read between the lines # Then you see the lie # Politically planned # But understand
that’s all she wrote # When we see the real side
that hide behind the vote # And they can’t understand
why he the man # I’m singing ’bout the king # They don’t like it when
I decide to make it… # CONFERRING DROWNED BY MUSIC think it’s Public Enemy. Yeah… Yeah, that’s what we think. Public enemy. Correct. And finally, this singer. # And we all know everything… # Stevie Wonder. Yes.
We think Stevie Wonder. It is Stevie Wonder, yes.
10 points for this. The existence of which group of
essential nutrients was first evidenced in the late 19th century
among laboratory chickens that were fed polished
rather than unpolished rice? Generally these compounds cannot be
synthesised in the amounts necessary… Vitamins. Correct. Your bonuses are on astronomy. Which two planets of the solar
system lack natural satellites? Have you got anything? want to say…
‘m so bad at the planets. Everyone is going to hate me. would say Mars doesn’t have
a satellite. I trust you. Don’t trust me on this. Brains…
And? Mars. Well, she was right, don’t
trust her. It’s Mercury and Venus. Secondly, which planet has
satellites named after characters from the works of
Shakespeare and Pope? o… Venus… Say that one? I am going to say
Venus. No, it’s Uranus. Oh! And finally, what is the largest
satellite of Saturn? It’s got to be something obvious.
The moon, I don’t know. Couldn’t know less about planets.
‘m very embarrassed. A moon or the moon? A moon.
Just say something. A moon. No, it’s Titan.
10 points for this. For your answer I want the title of
the 1971 film that featured the Labour MP Andrew Faulds and
the future Labour MP Glenda Jackson. Its screenplay was by the future
Labour peer Melvyn Bragg with direction by Ken Russell and a performance by
Richard Chamberlain as the composer Tchaikovsky. Linda Lusardi. No. So we know it’s not Linda Lusardi. Come on, just buzz, buzz! Funny Girl. No, it was The Music Lovers. 10 points for this, what is the full
four word name of the piece of European legislation regarding
information privacy that came into force in May 2018
and is generally…? GDRP. No, you lose five points. It’s generally known by
its initials GDPR. General Data Protection Regulation.
Correct. Right, you get a set of bonuses
then, UEA, on pairs of words that
differ only by the addition of the letters HA at the beginning
of one word, for example bit and habit. In each case, give both words from
the description. Firstly, a common Korean surname
meaning gold or metal and an Arabic word meaning wise man,
judge or ruler. Kim… Maybe. Kim and Hakim. What? Kim and Hakim. Yeah,
well, let’s try that. Anyone else got it? Kim and Hakim. Yes. There you are. ‘m so happy. Secondly, a frenetic re-spelling of
a common adjective often connoting dismissiveness and a six letter
geological term for rock salt. THEY CONFER Rock salt, what’s that? ‘ve got nothing. Come on. Hand? We will go with Linda Lusardi again. It’s lite and halite. And finally, the surname of the lead
singer of Tubeway Army and in Hindu myth, the monkey general who helped Rama
against the king of Lanka. Numan and… s it Gary Numan? Tubeway Army,
was that Gary Numan? Yes. t would be Numan and Hanuman. New hu… Numan. Numan and Hamunen. Hanuman is what you were told.
Yes. Well done. Right, we’re going to take
a picture round now. For your picture starter, you’re going to see a still
from a film. For 10 points, I want the name
of the character on the left. Clarence. Yes. Well done. From A Wonderful Life. Following on from Henry Travers
as the angel Clarence, your picture bonuses are stills
from three more films depicting angels or similar figures. This time I want the title
of the film in each case. Firstly, this film of 1946. A Matter Of Life And Death. A Matter Of Life And Death. A Matter Of Life And Death
is correct. Secondly, this film of 1987. Any ideas? That is… Is there an angel film called
Dogma? Yes. An angel, no? Come on, let’s have it, please. Angels in America. No, it’s Wings Of Desire. That’s it!
Yes! And finally this film of 1999. That’s Dogma. Dogma. Dogma is correct.
That gives you the lead. 10 points for this. Which 1998 novel did its author
describe as the tale of a Victorian oyster girl who loses her heart to
a male impersonator, becomes her partner in bed and on
the musical stage and then, cruelly abandoned, has a spell as a
cross-dressed Piccadilly prostitute. Tipping The Velvet. Correct. That gives you the lead,
Westminster. You get a set of bonuses too. They are on words that
originated as acronyms, in each case identify the word
from the description. Firstly,
a device used in law enforcement. It takes its name from an acronym referring to the fictional
character Tom Swift. Tom Swift… Began its life as an acronym for
police equipment, could be Taser? TS, Tom Swift, Taser? Yeah. Taser. Taser is correct. Of military origin, a word from the 1940s meaning
a confused chaotic state or a mess. We’re saying fubar or snafu. Oh, snafu! Oh. What is more likely to be on
University Challenge? Fubar, I don’t know. It was military though, right? Yeah,
think they are both military. OK. Shall we…? This is tricky. Go for it. My immediate thought was
fubar but… Fubar. Yes, fubar is correct,
or snafu would have done. And finally, what acronym from
the name of the original Swedish
manufacturer denotes a type of heavy heat
retaining stove or cooking range? Aga. We are all saying Aga. You’re all right.
10 points for this. Written in collaboration
with the music journalist Paul Morley, I’ll Never Write
My Memoirs is the title of the 2015 autobiography of which
singer and actress, born in 1948 in Jamaica? Grace Jones. Correct. You get a set of bonuses
on four-letter surnames. In each case give the name from
the description. The second letter is the same
in each case. Firstly, a British admiral
executed in 1757 for failing to relieve the naval
base of Minorca from a French siege. Cook. What do you think?
Cook we are saying? would say Cook. Can we go with Cook? You could but
you would be wrong. It is Byng. A philosopher born in London
in 1910, secondly, his works include
Language, Truth and Logic and The Problem of Knowledge. The second letter will be E.
Four letters. Got anything? Go for it. ‘m blanking, I’m sorry. Come on.
What is a name with an E? can’t think. Marx. We don’t know. Wait, what? Marx? The second letter will be
the E. We do not know. The second letter is not an E,
the second letter is a Y. It’s Ayer, Freddie Ayer. Oh, I thought, sorry… Finally,
the surname of Mitt Romney’s running mate in the 2012
US presidential election. Yes. Who was that? It was a woman. Come on, let’s have it, please. Don’t know. We can’t remember… We can’t remember. It’s Paul Ryan.
10 points for this. Properties of expanding universes
was the 1966 doctoral thesis of which scientist
who died in March 2018? GONG And at the gong, the University
of East Anglia have 100, the University of
Westminster have 130. That was Stephen Hawking, of course,
that last one – but many congratulations to both
teams for taking part. It was – you were great fun, and 100 is a very respectable score
with which to leave the contest. Yes, it’s fine. Linda Lusardi! And her, too! Yes! Westminster, congratulations, 130, it’s not the highest score so far, but we shall see whether
you are among the four highest scoring winning teams. If you are you can come back
and take part in the semifinal. I hope you can join us next time
for another first-round match – but until then it is goodbye from
the University of East Anglia. ALL: Goodbye. It’s goodbye from Westminster
University… Bye-bye. Goodbye. ..and it’s goodbye from me, goodbye. APPLAUSE

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